According to the former Minister of Power, Housing, Babatunde Raji Fashola, Nigeria can generate 13,000 megawatts of power. But Nigeria has not been able to move beyond 6,000 megawatts.
One will wonder if there are no power stations that could proffer solutions to the poor power supply that has been the main problem Nigeria has ever faced. Many companies have left Nigeria for Ghana, as they are tired of spending money in powering their generators that will also require repairs due to usage.
This is why this article has come to answer some of the burning questions about our power stations and their capacity to operate optimally and provided adequate power supply for all.
The minister, during the interview, also revealed that the power generation companies (Gencos) and Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN) usually sell a huge amount of power to the distribution companies (Discos), but they refused to buy by returning them.
Thus it means Nigerian can generate what should be enough, but the problem the Discos have been facing is power theft. Although they have their issues with customers, they have been overbilling and giving estimated bill.
Types of power plants in Nigeria
Before delving into the main topic, it is important to note that there are currently two main types of power plants operating in Nigeria. They include:
(1) Hydro-electric: This power station is gas-fired plants, which now dominates the Nigerian power supply mix. Electricity production from hydroelectric sources in Nigeria, according to a finding in 2014, was at 17.59%. The information released by the World Bank collection of development indicators was compiled from officially recognized sources.
(2) Thermal or fossil fuel power plants: This comes in two types; (i) coal-fired and (ii) natural gas-fired.
These have a total installed capacity of 8457.6MW (81 percent of total) in early 2014.
Note that they are three tiers of ownership in power stations. All the stations in Nigeria are not wholly owned by the Federal Government of Nigeria, as there is a plan to privatize these power plants.
There are other power stations, like the Niger Delta Power Holding Company (NDPHC), which is owned by the three tiers of government in Nigeria (Federal, State and Local). These power plants are referred to as being part of the National Integrated Power Project (NIPP).
The other owner of some power plants are the state governments and/or private companies/individuals. Such a power plant is referred to as being an Independent Power Producer (IPP).
That aside, this subject will be achieving the main purpose of acquainting you with the information about the power stations in Nigeria and their capacities.
Let’s begin looking at them according to their type. They include:
- 1.Fossil fuel power stations
|Power station||Community||Type||Capacity||Status||Year completed||Gas supply source|
|AES Barge (IPP)||Egbin||Simple cycle gas turbine||270 MW||Non-operational ||2001||Escravos–Lagos Pipeline System|
|Aba Power Station (IPP)||AbaAbia State||Simple cycle gas turbine||140 MW||2012|
|Afam IV-V Power Station (FGN)||AfamRivers State||Simple cycle gas turbine||726 MW (Afam IV -6 x 75 MW (GT 13-18), Afam V -2 x 138 MW (GT 19-20))||Non-operational||1982 (Afam IV)- 2002 (Afam V)||Okoloma gas plant|
|Afam VI Power Station (IPP)||AfamRivers State||Combined cycle gas turbine||624 MW||Partially operational||2009 (Gas turbines) 2010 (Steam turbines)||Okoloma gas plant|
|Alaoji Power Station (NIPP)||Abia state||Combined cycle gas turbine||1074 MW||Partially operational||2012-2015||Norten Option Gas Pipeline from Obigbo gas plant|
|Calabar Power Station(NIPP)||Calabar||Simple cycle gas turbine||561 MW||Non-operational||2014||UQUO gas plant(planned)|
|Egbema Power Station(NIPP)||Imo State||Simple cycle gas turbine||338 MW||Non-operational||2012-2013||Gbarain Ubie gas plant(planned)|
|Egbin Thermal Power Station(FGN but Privatized)||Egbin||Gas-fired steam turbine||1320 MW (six 220-MW units)||Partially operational (1000 MW)||1985-1986||Escravos–Lagos Pipeline System|
|Geregu I Power Station- Privatized||GereguKogi State||Simple cycle gas turbine||414 MW||Partially operational||2007||Oben-Geregu pileline, Oben gas plant|
|Geregu II Power Station(NIPP)||GereguKogi State||Simple cycle gas turbine||434 MW ||Partially operational||2012||Oben-Geregu pileline, Oben gas plant|
|Ibom Power Station (IPP)||Ikot Abasi||Simple cycle gas turbine||190 MW||Partially operational (90 MW)||2009|
|Ihovbor Power Station(NIPP)||Benin City||Simple cycle gas turbine||450 MW||Partially operational||2012-2013||Escravos–Lagos Pipeline System|
|Okpai Power Station (IPP)||Okpai||Combined cycle gas turbine||480 MW||Operational||2005||Obiafu-Obrikom(Ob-Ob) gas plant|
|Olorunsogo Power Station||Olorunsogo||Simple cycle gas turbine||336 MW, (8 x 42 MW)||Partially operational||2007||Escravos–Lagos Pipeline System|
|Olorunsogo II Power Station(NIPP)||Olorunsogo||Combined cycle gas turbine||675 MW NDPHC (4×112.5 MW and 2×112.5 MW steam turbines.)Working below capacity due to gas supply issues.||Partially operational||2012||Escravos–Lagos Pipeline System|
|Omoku Power Station (IPP)||Omoku||Simple cycle gas turbine||150 MW (6 x 25 MW gas turbines)Rocksonengineering.||operational||2005||Agip (Obiafu-Obrikom(Ob-Ob) gas plant)|
|Omoku II Power Station(NIPP)||Omoku||Simple cycle gas turbine||225 MW (2 x 112.5 MW gas turbines)||Non-operational||Incomplete|
|Omotosho I Power Station (FGN-Privatized)||Omotosho||Simple cycle gas turbine||336 MW ; (8 x 42 MW)||Partially operational||2005||Escravos–Lagos Pipeline System|
|Omotosho II Power Station(NIPP)||Omotosho||Simple cycle gas turbine||450 MW, (4×112.5 MW)||Partially operational||2012||Escravos–Lagos Pipeline System|
|Sapele Power Station-Privatized||Sapele||Gas-fired steam turbine and Simple cycle gas turbine||1020 MW (Phase I: 1978-1980 6 x 120 MW Gas-fired steam turbines,phase II: 1981 4 x 75 MW gas turbines)||Partially operational (135 MW)||1978–1981||Escravos–Lagos Pipeline System|
|Sapele Power Station (NIPP)||Sapele||Simple cycle gas turbine||450 MW (4×112.5 MW||Partially operational||2012||Escravos–Lagos Pipeline System|
|Transcorp Ughelli Power Station (privatised)known also as Delta power station.||Ughelli, Delta State||Simple cycle gas turbine||900 MW||Partially Operational(465 MW)||1966-1990 Plant was built in 4 phases.I: 1966 (decommissioned), II: 1975 6 x 25 MW, III: 1978 6 x 25 MW, IV: 1990 6 x 100 MW||Utorogu, Ugheli East gas plant|
|Ibom Power Plant (AKSG)||Ikot Abasi||Combined cycle gas turbineIbom Power Plant presently consist of two GE Frame 6B and one Frame 9E turbine generators installed in a simple cycle configuration, using the conventional open cycle gas turbine (OCGT) technology. These three gas turbines are: GTG 1(Model PG 6551B), GTG 2(Model PG 6561B), and GTG3 (Model PG 9171E) combined to give an installed capacity of 191MW.||191MW||Operational Since 2009||2010→||Uquo CPF by Frontier Oil Limited / 7E JV}|
|Azura Power Station (IPP)||Benin City||6°24’47.71″N 5°40’42.96″E||Simple cycle gas turbine||450 MW||Fully operational||2018|
|Hydroelectric station||Community||Coordinates||Type||Capacity (MW)||Year completed||Name of reservoir||River|
|Kainji Power Station||Kainji, Niger State||Reservoir||800||1968||Kainji Lake||Niger River|
|Jebba Power Station||Jebba, Niger State||Reservoir||540||1985||Lake Jebba||Niger River|
|Shiroro Power Station||Shiroro, Niger State||Reservoir||600||1990||Lake Shiroro||Kaduna River|
|Zamfara Power Station||Reservoir||100||2012||Gotowa Lake||Bunsuru River|